Chaetodon miliaris also known as the Milletseed butterflyfish, Millet butterflyfish or the Lemon Butterflyfish is to be found endemic in the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll.
The Lemon Butterflyfish inhabits shallow reef flats. This species form schools at midwater to feed on plankton and benthic invertebrates, also on shallow seamounts. He remains fairly small, only reaching a length of about 12 cm.
Chaetodon miliaris is one of the most common Butterflyfishes found in Hawaiian waters, this is a very hardy and more less-aggressive species that communes well with those of its own kind, similarly related and non-related species of a non-aggressive nature. Can be kept singly, as a pair, or in small groups, but if more than one specimen is kept, all should be introduced into the aquarium together at the same time. The Lemon Butterflyfish should be provided with ample swimming room and shelter.
The Milletseed butterflyfish is an omnivore that feeds on small invertebrates, crustaceans, and algae. A hardy species that adapts rather quickly to aquarium life.
Butterflyfish are not recommended for reefs as they will pick at or eat a wide variety of corals, fan worms, and other invertebrates. Most Butterflyfish are known to pick at Aiptaisia, a parasitic anemone.
Species: Chaetodon miliaris
Hawaii, Johnston and Midway; 16 cm; rare
Very common in shallow waters, in a school; whitish to yellow in adults; easy to keep