Special thanks for the foto to Christian Coudre, France.
Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, round the coast to Maputo.
Adults form large schools in coastal areas with sandy substrate.
Feed on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Are batch spawners.
Females lay 140,000 eggs, which hatch into 5mm long larvae. Eggs are pelagic.
Divided into two stocks: West stock and North Sea stock. West stock spawns in a belt from the Biscay to Ireland in early spring, migrates north and eastwards to southern Norway and northern North Sea.
North Sea stock spawns in the southern North Sea in summer, migrates to central North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat.