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Pseudojuloides crux

Pseudojuloides cruxis commonly referred to as Stellate Pencil Wrasse. Difficulty in the aquarium: There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profilbild Urheber ResearchGate

Foto: Tantabiddy Creek, Nortd-West Kap, West-Australien

Oben Männchen, 100,7cm, Holotyp, unten Weibchen, 7,92cm Paratyp Foto von Dr. Gerry R. Allen
Courtesy of the author ResearchGate

Uploaded by AndiV.

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lexID:
13945 
AphiaID:
1515288 
Scientific:
Pseudojuloides crux 
German:
"Sternen-Bleistiftlippfisch" 
English:
Stellate Pencil Wrasse 
Category:
Gylter 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Labridae (Family) > Pseudojuloides (Genus) > crux (Species) 
Initial determination:
Tea, Gill & Senou, 2020 
Sea depth:
3 - 25 Meter 
Size:
bis zu 11,1cm 
Temperature:
~ -25°C 
Difficulty:
There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
More related species
in this lexicon
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2021-06-15 10:08:29 

Info

In 2020, two new wrasses were discovered in Australia, Pseudojuloides crux Tea, Gill & Senou 2020 and Pseudojuloides paradiseus Tea, Gill & Senou 2020, the initial description of both wrasses also includes a revision redescription of the wrasse Pseudojuloides elongatus Ayling & Russell, 1977.

Males of Pseudojuloides crux are greenish-yellow to yellowish-orange with a black-covered upper surface and 3 - 5 rows of metallic blue spots.
Females are olive in color overall.

Pseudojuloides crux is found only on the west coast of Australia, from the Houtman Abrolhos southwest to north to the Dampier Archipelago, where the species inhabits rubble areas with distinct kelp and other macroalgae growth.

This wrasse species is a protogynous hermaphrodite, where females can change sex during their life cycle to become males.
Pseudojuloides crux is usually observed in groups with one dominant male and several females.

Etymology:
The specific name "crux" refers to the most famous constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere, the Crux or Southern Cross constellation, in reference to the southern distribution of this species and the dark upper body with numerous spots in males, reminiscent of a starry night.

Pseudojuloides crux belongs to the Pseudojuloides elongatus complex.

Scientific reference:
Two New Species of Pseudojuloides from Western Australia and Southern Japan, with a Redescription of Pseudojuloides elongatus (Teleostei: Labridae)
ResearchGate
DOI:10.1643/CI-19-316
Yi-Kai Tea, Anthony Gill, Hiroshi Senou


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