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Millepora boschmai

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Korallenskelett aus Indonesien

Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author The Conversation, Australien Image detail


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lexID:
11411 
AphiaID:
287419 
Scientific:
Millepora boschmai 
German:
Feuerkoralle 
English:
Millepora Boschmai 
Category:
Hydroider 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Hydrozoa (Class) > Anthoathecata (Order) > Milleporidae (Family) > Millepora (Genus) > boschmai (Species) 
Initial determination:
De Weerdt & Glynn, 1991 
Occurrence:
India, Panama, Australien, Indiske ocean, Indonesien, Singapore, Thailand 
Sea depth:
2 - 18 Meter 
Temperature:
22°C - 27°C 
Food:
Copepods, Dissolved organic substances, Amphipods, zooplankton, Zooxantheller/Lys 
Difficulty:
Average 
Offspring:
Possible to breed 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Critically endangered (CR) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2018-02-22 16:08:14 

Captive breeding / propagation

The offspring of Millepora boschmai are possible. Unfortunately, the number of offspring is not large enough to cover the demand of the trade. If you are interested in Millepora boschmai, please ask your dealer for offspring. If you already own Millepora boschmai, try breeding yourself. This will help to improve the availability of offspring in the trade and to conserve natural stocks.

Husbandry

Lebende Kolonien der Feuerkoralle Millepora boschmai wurden zuletzt 1991 im Meeres-Nationalpark Golf von Chiriquí, Panama, Karibik, gesichtet, frühere Fundmeldungen stammten von Contreras Islands, Secas Islands, Coiba Island and Bahía Honda, Panama.
In den frühen 1990er Jahren wurden noch acht live Kolonien im Golf von Chiriquí gefunden; fünf Kolonien um die Uva-Insel und drei Kolonien am Nordende der Insel Coiba gefunden, nach dem El-Niño-Ereignis von 1982 / 1983 wurden jedoch nur noch tote Stöcke gefunden.
Auch intensive Suchen in den Jahren 1984 bis 1990 führten zu keinen Funden lebender Korallen.

Aufgrund der Funde in Panama gingen Wissenschaftler viele Jahre davon aus, dass Millepora boschmai in Panama endemisch vorkam.
Dr. Bert Hoeksema vom Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Niederlange, bestätigte Funde von Millepora boschmai aus Indonesien und dem Indo-West Pazifik, hier wurde diese Feuerkoralle viele Jahre schlichtweg "übersehen", da sie in diesen Gegenden extrem selten und zudem nur sehr wenig bekannt war.
Trotz dieser Fundmeldungen sind uns bislang keine Fotos von lebenden Kolonien von Millepora boschmai bekannt.

Aquarianer sollten bei einer Haltung von Feuerkorallen im Meerwasseraquarium größtmögliche Vor- und Umsicht walten lassen, es empfehlen sich besonders lange Handschuhe, die möglichst auch den Oberarm bedecken sollten.

Even if the name suggests otherwise, fire corals are not corals, but belong to the hydrozoans, a class of cnidarians consisting of three orders, Hydroidea (hydroids), Siphonophora (state jellyfish) and Trachylina (subclass of cnidarians).
There are over 2,700 species in total, most of which live in the sea.

Caution!

Swimmers, snorkelers and divers should avoid fire corals and never touch them.
The nettle poison of the fire corals causes severe itching or burning and even blistering in humans.
Everyone knows the burning of nettles, similar skin reactions are dissolved by the nettle cells of the fire corals, in the worst case even a circulatory collapse can occur.
Similar to contact with state jellyfish, the affected skin areas can be moistened with 5% vinegar, later an itch-relieving and/or anti-allergic ointment can be applied to the skin.
Under no circumstances should the affected skin areas be wiped with freshwater or alcohol, as this will cause further nettle cells to burst and make the situation worse. Instead, the areas should be rinsed with sea water or vinegar. Vinegar deactivates the nettle cells. This prevents any further poison from entering the body. Afterwards, one strokes the body with a spatula (also knife back or EC card) to remove any remaining tentacles. The skin should then be cooled and an antihistamine gel or a 2% hydrocortisone ointment applied if necessary. If sweating, dizziness or palpitations occur, you should consult a doctor.

Source: http://www.medizinfo.de/reisemedizin/gifttiere/meeresbewohner.shtml

Fire corals are one of the main reef formers of our tropical coral reefs besides the well known hard corals (Scleractinia)!
Just like the reef forming hard corals, fire corals live in symbiosis with zooxanthellae, which provide them with up to 75% of the energy they need. The fire corals cover the remaining part by catching and energetically utilizing small zooplankton

Actively poisonous animals have a poison apparatus which serves to introduce the toxic secretion directly into the organism of the prey or enemy. This is usually done by means of poison fangs with channels for the poisonous secretion (poisonous snakes), other jaw tools (black widow), spines (honey bee, yellow Mediterranean scorpion, lionfish) or nettle cells (sea wasp). Cone snails apply their toxin mixture via a sting, which is harpooned at prey or enemies. The toxin is produced and stored in venom glands of secretory epithelial cells or bacteria. In cnidarians, the poison remains in the individual cnidocytes. Actively poisonous animals are called "venomous" in English

Source: DocCheck Medical Services GmbH.

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