Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and the Bahamas to northern South America, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde and from Senegal to Gabon; including St. Paul's Rocks and the islands of Bay of Biafra.
Also southern Atlantic islands.
benthic and solitary species common on shallow reefs and along rocky shores.
Caught incidentally and consumed fresh or salted in some localities.