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Mola mola


Mola mola 
Giant Sunfish, Headfish, Mola Ocean Sunfish, Moonfish, Ocean Sunfish, Sunfish, Sun-fish 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Tetraodontiformes (Order) > Molidae (Family) > Mola (Genus) > mola (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
the Netherlands Antilles, Cameroon, São Tomé e Principé, Wallis and Futuna, Clipperton Island, Kiribati, Sierra Leone, Northeast Pacific Ocean, Spratly Islands, Gulf of Oman / Oman, Madeira, Southeast Atlantic, Panama, Tansania, India, Myanmar, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Barbados, Israel, Russland, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Jordan, Niue, Vietnam, Chile, Senegal, French Guiana, Djibouti, Comores, The Gulf of Guinea, Norfolk Island, Ecuador, Line Islands, Pakistan, Circumglobal, Morocco, Suriname, Tokelau, Bakers Island, Puerto Rico, Newfoundland, Yemen, Saint Martin / Sint Maarten, Nigeria, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, the Cocos Islands / Keeling Islands, Gambia, North Pacific (Ocean), El Salvador, Cuba, the Faroe Islands, Haiti, Mayotte, Phoenix Islands, Namibia, Jamaica, Uruguay, Cambodia, Wake Atoll, Congo, Somalia, Eritrea, Guatemala, Howland Island, Peru, Mozambique, Iran, Tuvalu, the Nicobar Islands, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, The Chagos Archipelago (the Chagos Islands), the Canary Islands, West Sahara, Costa Rica, Columbia, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Ghana, Northern Mariana Islands, the Ivory Coast, Réunion , Straße von Gibralta, Guadeloupe, Oceanodromous, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Paracel-Islands, Togo, Nauru, Tunesien, Benin, Alaska, Algeriet, Amerikansk Samoa, Andamanhavet, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua og Barbuda, Argentina, Australien, Azorerne, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brasilien, Britiske Jomfruøer, Britiske øer, Canada, Caribien, Cayman øerne, Centrale Atlanterhav, Centrale stillehav, Cook øerne, Dominica, Dominikanske republik, Egypten, Europæiske kyster, Fiji, Filippinerne, Fransk Polynesien, Galapagos, Grenada, Guam, Guyana, Hawaii, Honduras, Indiske ocean, Indo Stillehavet, Indonesien, Japan, Johnston Atollen, Juleøerne, Kenya, Kina, Korea, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldiverne, Marshall øerne, Mauritius , Mexikanske golf, Middelhavet, Mikronesien , New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nordlige Atlanterhav, Ny Kaledonien, Palau, Papua NeuGuinea , Påskeøen, Persiske golf, Pitcairns øgruppen, Rødehavet, Saint Kitts og Nevis, Saint Helena, Salomonøerne, Samoa, Seychellerne, Singapore, Skandinavien, Sortehavet, Sri Lanka, St. Lucia, St. Vincent og Grenadinerne, Syd Afrika, Sydatlanten, Sydlige Stillehav, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad og Tobago, Turks og Caicos øerne, Vanuatu , Vestlige Atlanterhav, Vestlige Indiske ocean, Vestlige Stillehav, Virgin Islands, U.S., Østlige Atlanterhav, Østlige Stillehav 
Sea depth:
30 - 800 Meter 
bis zu 400cm 
6°C - 30°C 
Jellyfish, Krabber, Skaldyr, Små fisk, Søpindsvin, Søstjerner, zooplankton 
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Not available as offspring 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Vulnerable (VU) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
More related species
in this lexicon
Last edit:
2020-07-19 15:55:43 


This is a general hint!
Mola mola has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Mola mola in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Mola mola. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:

Translated with


Mola mola, also called the moon- or sunfish, a representative of the open ocean and found in all oceans around the globe. From the edge of the Arctic Circle to South Africa, from the south coast of Australia and New Zealand to Alaska in the north, there are sightings. The only exceptions are the waters around South America, so far there are no sightings.

The name Mola mola means "milestone" and he is in the world of fishes a real milestone. With up to 4 meters in length certainly not be overlooked and yet is rarely found in the open ocean. Absolutely peaceful and yet impressive, once you get him to see, this is certainly a memorable moment.

Certainly not an aquarium fish, with his size certainly no wonder. Also in very large display aquariums it should be, if at all, rarely or not at all found.

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Molidae
Genus: Mola
Species: M. Mola




Husbandry know-how of owners

derhirrsch am 31.01.11#2
Im Aquarium in Palma habe ich diesen tollen Fisch auch schon gesehen.
Markus Köchle am 11.07.10#1
Hallo Heinz,

so selten kommt der in großen Schauaquarien gar nicht vor, ich weiß z.B. von Exemplaren in Lissabon und Valencia


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