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Parazoanthus darwini

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Foto: Whale Rock, San Cristobel Island, Galapagos
Tiefe 17 Meter
Uploaded by AndiV.
Courtesy of the author Prof. Dr. James Davis Reimer, Japan Image detail


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lexID:
11311 
Scientific:
Parazoanthus darwini 
German:
Krustenanemone  
English:
Parazoanthus darwini  
Category:
Knappolypper 
Occurrence:
Endemic species, Ecuador, Galapagos 
Sea depth:
2 - 24 Meter 
Size:
0,03 cm - 0,06 cm 
Temperature:
°C - 26°C 
Food:
Copepods, Plankton, zooplankton 
Difficulty:
There are no reports available yet that this animal has already been kept in captivity successfully 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
non-toxic 
CITES:
not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
More related species
in this lexicon
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2018-01-03 19:49:37 

Husbandry

Terrazoanthus Reimer & Fujii, 2010

Parazoanthus darwini is a colonial anemone die Kolonien von , but polyps are generally not larger than up to 0,04 - 0,
06 mm diameter, with 24 -30 tentacles.
The colonies may be very small (a few cm2 in area), or extend to cover large areas over a square meter in area.

Parazoanthus darwini polyps have yellow, orange, or cream tentacles, and a red, yellow, or light yellow oral disk, with a light tan, light pink, or cream coenenchyme.

Parazoanthus darwini associates with diff erent species of bright yellow-orange or red sponges, possibly in the groups Poecilosclerida and/or Hadromerida and often grow in patches over the sponge, or may even cover it entirely, and often extend to surrounding rock substrate.
Remarks: The sponge is always alive, suggesting this association may be symbiotic!
Despite COI and mt 16S rDNA sequences of this species being identical to sequences from Parazoanthus swiftii from the Caribbean!.
due to the morphology and the large geographic distances between Parazoanthus swiftii and Parazoanthus darwini localities, it is clear that these are two different species.

This species was named after Charles Darwin, an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

Source:
ZooKeys 42: 1–36 (2010) doi: 10.3897/zookeys.42.378
www.pensoftonline.net/zookeys
Four new species and one new genus of zoanthids (Cnidaria, Hexacorallia) from the Galapagos Islands
Authors: James Reimer, Takuma Fujii

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Hexacorallia (Subclass) > Zoantharia (Order) > Macrocnemina (Suborder) > Parazoanthidae (Family) > Parazoanthus (Genus) > darwini (Species)

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