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Thunnus thynnus

...

copyright by Vjekoslav Ticina, Kroatien

Uploaded by AndiV.
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lexID:
4931 
AphiaID:
127029 
Scientific:
Thunnus thynnus 
German:
Blauflossen-Thunfisch, Roter Thunfisch 
English:
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna 
Category:
 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Scombridae (Family) > Thunnus (Genus) > thynnus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
Guatemala, Suriname, Russland, Lofoten Islands, Uruguay, French Guiana, Panama, Morocco, the Isle of Man, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Newfoundland, Jamaica, Haiti, Northern Africa, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Straße von Gibralta, Portugal, Barbados, Israel, Argentina, Azorerne, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brasilien, Britiske øer, Canada, Caribien, Cayman øerne, Dominikanske republik, Egypten, Europæiske kyster, Honduras, Island, Kap Verde, Kina, Korea, Mexikanske golf, Middelhavet, Nicaragua, Skandinavien, Sortehavet, Spanien, Syd Afrika, Taiwan, USA, Vestlige Atlanterhav 
Sea depth:
0 - 985 Meter 
Size:
200 cm - 458 cm 
Temperature:
3°C - 30°C 
Food:
Sea squirts, Zoobenthos, Copepods, Sponges, Predatory, Hydrozoa polyps, Blæksprutte, Fiske afkom, Hummer, Kalamaris, Krabber, Mantisrejer, Mysis, Rejer, Skaldyr, Små fisk, Stenhummer, store fisk, Taskekrabber, zooplankton 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Endangered (EN) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2013-01-01 16:59:55 

Husbandry

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Special thanks for the foto to Vjekoslav Ticina from Croatia, Institute for Oceanography and Fisheries!

IUCN Red List: Endangered A2bd ver 3.1

Distribution:
Western Atlantic: Labrador and Newfoundland to Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea to Venezuela and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Lofoten Islands off Norway to Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the southern part of the Black Sea.
Reported from Mauritania. There is a subpopulation off South Africa.
Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Biology:
Oceanic but seasonally coming close to shore. They school by size, sometimes together with albacore, yellowfin, bigeye, skipjack etc. Visual predators preying on small schooling fishes (anchovies, sauries, hakes) or on squids and red crabs. Live up to 40 years in the western Atlantic. Weight up to 900 kg.
Eggs and larvae are pelagic. Juvenile growth is rapid (about 30 cm / year) but slower than in other tuna and billfish species.
Adult growth is considerably slower, with about 10 years needed to reach two thirds of maximum length. Commercially cultured in Japan.
Utilized fresh for sashimi, also canned.
Become rare because of massive overfishing.

Synonymised taxa:
Albacora thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Orcynus secondidorsalis (Storer, 1855) (misspelling)
Orcynus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Scomber thynnus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Thunnus secundodorsalis (Storer, 1855)
Thunnus thynnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Thunnus thynus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Thunnus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1832)
Thynnus linnei Malm, 1877
Thynnus mediterraneus Risso, 1827
Thynnus secundodorsalis Storer, 1855
Thynnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Thynnus vulgaris Cuvier, 1832

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