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Rachycentron canadum

...

copyright Paul Ferber Kambodga

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lexID:
4858 
AphiaID:
127006 
Scientific:
Rachycentron canadum 
German:
Kobia, Königsfisch oder Offiziersbarsch 
English:
Cobia 
Category:
Markreller 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Rachycentridae (Family) > Rachycentron (Genus) > canadum (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1766 
Occurrence:
Guatemala, Pakistan, Russland, Vietnam, Namibia, French Guiana, India, Barbados, Costa Rica, Northern Africa, Haiti, Panama, Israel, Senegal, Cuba, Morocco, Puerto Rico, Cambodia, Somalia, Columbia, Tansania, Venezuela, Myanmar, Gulf of Oman / Oman, Jamaica, Suriname, Réunion , Uruguay, Zirkumsubtropisch, Nigeria, Andamanhavet, Argentina, Australien, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brasilien, Canada, Caribien, Dominikanske republik, Filippinerne, Honduras, Indo Stillehavet, Indonesien, Japan, Kap Verde, Kenya, Kina, Korea, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldiverne, Mauritius , Mexikanske golf, Mexiko (Øst Pacific), Nicaragua, Papua NeuGuinea , Seychellerne, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syd Afrika, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, USA, Vestlige Atlanterhav, Ækvator, Øst Afrika, Østlige Atlanterhav 
Size:
110 cm - 200 cm 
Temperature:
20°C - 27°C 
Food:
Predatory, Cnidaria, Zoobenthos, invertebrater, Koralfisk, Krabber, Skaldyr, Små fisk, store fisk, Taskekrabber 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-12-03 20:31:03 

Husbandry

(Linnaeus, 1766)

Special thanks to Paul Ferber, Cambogia, for the foto!

Distribution:
Worldwide in tropical and subtropical waters, but absent in the eastern Pacific and the Pacific Plate, except marginally.

Western Atlantic:
Canada to Bermuda and Massachusetts, USA to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico and entire Caribbean.

Eastern Atlantic:
Morocco to South Africa. Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (Ref. 2871, 5213, 6644, 30573) and Hokkaido, Japan to Australia.

Biology:
Occur in a variety of habitats, over mud, sand and gravel bottoms; over coral reefs, off rocky shores and in mangrove sloughs; inshore around pilings and buoys, and offshore around drifting and stationary objects; occasionally in estuaries.
Form small groups and may pursue small pelagic inshore.
Feed on crabs, fishes, and squids.
Spawn during the warm months in the western Atlantic; eggs and larvae planktonic.
Caught in small quantities due to its solitary behavior.
Good food fish; marketed fresh, smoked, and frozen. Also caught for sport.

Synonymised taxa:
Apolectus niger (Bloch, 1793)
Centronotus gardenii Lacepède, 1801
Centronotus spinosus Mitchill, 1815
Elacate atlantica Cuvier, 1832
Elacate bivittata Cuvier, 1832
Elacate canada (Linnaeus, 1766)
Elacate falcipinnis Gosse, 1851
Elacate malabarica Cuvier, 1832
Elacate motta Cuvier, 1829
Elacate nigra (Bloch, 1793)
Elacate pondiceriana Cuvier, 1832
Gasterosteus canadus Linnaeus, 1766
Meladerma nigerrima Swainson, 1839
Naucrates niger (Bloch, 1793)
Rachicentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentrodon canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentron canadus (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Rachycentron typus Kaup, 1826
Rachycentrum canadum (Linnaeus, 1766) (misspelling)
Scomber niger Bloch, 1793
Thynnus canadensis Gronow, 1854

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