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Astrosclera willeyana

Astrosclera willeyanais commonly referred to as Sponge. Difficulty in the aquarium: Not suitable for aquarium keeping. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profile

lexID:
13219 
AphiaID:
164849 
Scientific:
Astrosclera willeyana 
German:
Schwamm 
English:
Sponge 
Category:
Svampe 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Porifera (Phylum) > Demospongiae (Class) > Agelasida (Order) > Astroscleridae (Family) > Astrosclera (Genus) > willeyana (Species) 
Initial determination:
Lister, 1900 
Sea depth:
0 - 100 Meter 
Size:
1,7 cm - 2,5 cm 
Temperature:
24,8°C - 28,9°C 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for aquarium keeping 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2020-08-30 16:33:38 

Info

Astrosclera willeyana is a sponge of the tropically warm seas, it does not form any, up to 2.5cm large bodies.
Sponges produce more body cells than they need for their own growth and release these excess cells into the sea or into the aquarium.
Other marine animals then feed on these cells.

Sponges are also interesting for scientists. From this sponge, substances can be extracted for medical purposes.

Astrosclera willeyana somehow uses its endobiotic bacterial community to form its highly calcified skeleton.
The host sponge actively degrades part of its bacterial community via an autophagy pathway and the prokaryotic organic remains are used as scaffolding on which the calcification of the sponge skeleton is initiated.

External links

  1. Atlas of Living Australia (en). Abgerufen am 30.03.2021.
  2. Kwajalein Underwater Home (en). Abgerufen am 30.03.2021.
  3. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 30.03.2021.
  4. Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (en). Abgerufen am 30.03.2021.

Pictures

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