Circumtropical. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to southern Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to Uruguay.
Eastern Atlantic: Spain, Madeira to northern Angola; St. Paul's Rocks; Cape Verde.
Indo-Pacific: scattered records from the Red Sea and Natal, South Africa to China, New Zealand, and the Caroline, Hawaiian, Phoenix and Line islands. Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico to northern Chile.
Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Found abundantly near the edge of continental and insular shelves, but also in the open sea and occasionally inshore.
Often found in deepwater reefs and near insular slopes.
Littoral and epipelagic, in the open sea or near the bottom at 18-500 m.
It is quick-moving and aggressive.
Solitary; often associated with schools of tuna (Ref. 244).
Feeds mainly on fishes, but also squid, paper nautiluses, and pelagic crabs.
Regarded as dangerous to humans.
Flesh utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption; its hide for leather; its fin for shark-fin soup; its liver for oil.
2 to 14 young, 73 to 87 cm, are born per litter.
IUCN Red List Status:
Near Threatened (NT)
Threat to humans:
Aprionodon sitankaiensis Herre, 1934
Carcharhinus atrodorsus Deng, Xiong & Zhan, 1981
Carcharhinus falciformes (Müller & Henle, 1839) (misspelling)
Carcharhinus floridanus Bigelow, Schroeder & Springer, 1943
Carcharhinus floridianus Bigelow, Schroeder & Springer, 1943
Carcharhinus menisorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839) (Synonym)
Carcharias falciformis Müller & Henle, 1839
Carcharias falcipinnis Lowe, 1839
Carcharias menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839
Carcharins menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 (misspelling)
Carcharius menisorrah Müller & Henle, 1839 (misspelling)
Eulamia malpeloensis Fowler, 1944
Eulamia menisorrah (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Gymnorhinus pharaonis Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899
Prionodon tiburo (Poey, 1860)
Squalus tiburo Poey, 1860